RALEIGH — The state House and Senate passed legislation this week that would give rescue workers explicit permission to break into cars to remove dogs and other animals from hot cars.
The amended animal shelter bill would allow animal control officers, law enforcement officers, firefighters and other rescue workers to enter a vehicle “by any reasonable means” when they suspect an animal is at risk because of heat, cold, inadequate ventilation or other circumstances. It would become law once the governor signs it.
The legislation comes the same week that the Carrboro Police Department charged the program manager of the Eyes Ears Nose and Paws nonprofit with misdemeanor animal cruelty after she left a dog in a car with the windows rolled up June 10. The golden retriever named Worthy, which was being trained as a service dog, died the next day.
Rep. Pricey Harrison, the Greensboro Democrat who sponsored the amendment, said she mentioned the Carrboro case briefly on the House floor, though not the dog by name.
Some local ordinances already let police break into locked cars to rescue an animal, Harrison said, but her amendment would make that legal statewide. It also covers animal control officers and others who may not have the same authority.
At least 14 states have laws that specifically prohibit leaving an animal in a parked car under inhumane conditions, and most of them allow some kind of officer to use reasonable force to enter the vehicle, according to the Animal Legal & Historical Center at Michigan State University.
Harrison had hoped to add North Carolina to that list but her initial legislation failed, and she settled for the provision allowing officers to enter vehicles. The state does address animals in vehicles within its existing animal cruelty statutes, making it a Class 1 misdemeanor to intentionally injure, torment, kill or deprive an animal of sustenance.
Bob Marotto, the director of the Orange County Department of Animal Services, praised the legislation.
“I think that’s a valuable tool for local animal control agencies to have to deal with animals that are in vehicles and distressed,” he said. “Our animal control officers don’t have the explicit power to do that,” and often have to call in police, he said.
Marotto said his department gets about 100 calls about animals in vehicles during the warm-weather months, or about five per week.
The state House passed the legislation Tuesday. the Senate concurred Friday.